Seg in the construction or renovation of a property, determine or ideal floor it's an important decision, not just aesthetics, but also on the issue of functionality.
Making the right choice at this time can bring a lot of future savings with maintenance. After all, the floor is a fundamental factor to be considered in the composition of the final design of any type of building, and it's not a simple choice.
It is necessary to be aware of several factors such as:
- Aesthetics in relation to the other elements;
- Type of use;
- Specific care for maintenance;
Thinking about it, first, is suitable for any work, the judicious choice when hiring a construction and renovation company.
This investment brings guarantees as to the final result. Choose skilled and competent professionals to carry out your work, will guarantee your peace of mind during and after delivery.
You should also know how material quantity calculations are made and which material is suitable. These factors will determine your final budget..
In this article you will understand how to calculate the amount of floor needed for a job. You will also check a list of the main coatings available on the market, with very useful information about each one..
Remember that the finish makes all the difference in the residential property valuation.
The information below will help you determine the ideal floor according to your needs and tastes.. Follow!
remember to do the math
In fact, calculating the amount of flooring required is quite simple., being nothing more than the total area of each room. Area calculation varies depending on location format.
So, assuming you want to install one PU self-leveling floor in a square space (all sides equal). In this case, just square the measurement on one side and you will know the total area.
Remember that if the room has more than 4 sides or sides with different measurements, you will need to do the proper calculation, since each geometric shape comprises its own formula.
For example, to apply a base of aerated concrete in a rectangular room, multiply the measure of two perpendicular sides (base x height) and will know the total material need. For a triangular area, you should divide this same multiplication by 2.
Other factors can influence this calculation as well.. If the floor is used for wall cladding, you must calculate the sum of the areas of all surfaces or consider their cubic footage. It depends on which area you intend to cover.
These are raw calculations., that is, do not consider the presence of windows and doors. For a refined calculation, you must subtract the square footage of these elements to find a value closer to reality.
In addition to determining the measures, other factors influence the amount of material needed, such as how to place the floor diagonally or straight (in diagonal application, the use of floors is greater), or type of floor to be installed, and the size of the baseboards.
Pay attention to the extra percentage rule
The recommendation is to always buy 10% more for straight placement, and up 30% for diagonal, of the previously calculated area. This is a warranty for replacement parts that, perchance, come to break and variations in the baseboards.
And it is very advisable to already purchase this extra percentage in the same purchase. Even because in a second moment, the store may not have the same coating for prompt delivery, delaying your work.
It is also important to consider the need for replacement over time.. Generally, floors and coverings go out of line between 5 and 10 years. So it is very likely that over time you will no longer find the same product if you need to replace some parts.
The advice to deal with this problem is to buy a few extra boxes to reserve., leaving it stored for future needs. In addition, different batches often have color variations, a very common situation, including.
This "finish" with a different floor, even if it's just the tone, harms the aesthetics of the environment.
Check out some available options
Good, after understanding how to calculate the number of floors for each room, the time has come to discover the available coatings, as well as its characteristics. Among the best known are the following:
1 – vinyl
This floor is very popular because it is quick to install and easy to maintain.. It's pretty simple to replace an old model with a new one, so it's a great choice for those who like to redesign the environment from time to time.
It's tough, hypoallergenic and maintains temperature stability, that is, it doesn't get hot in summer, not even cold in winter.
It also absorbs the impact., making no noise when stepping. Thus, it is very suitable for apartments for this quality., as it avoids hassles with downstairs neighbors.
It is a floor suitable only for indoor and dry areas. There are specific lines for use in bathrooms, but ordinary vinyl spoils easily if placed in damp areas..
Does not usually stain or scratch easily, and the best thing is to sanitize it with a damp cloth, unless the chosen model is water resistant.
You can find this coating in different shades, even simulating other coatings, like wood.
2 – Porcelain
It is a coating made with noble materials, featuring an infinite variety of colors and textures.
Besides, is highly valued in projects that value sophistication. Due to the different types of finishes it has, can be used in the composition of different environments and types of decoration.
There are models that can be easily confused with marble, cement or wood, for its well-crafted visual finish.
Including, darker and rougher models are great for outdoors like garden or porch. The polished models, on the other hand, have a shiny and smooth surface, great for dry rooms, like bedrooms and living rooms.
in wet environments, like kitchens and bathrooms, you can opt for satin models, that despite not having the same shine as the polished, are not slippery.
3 – Ceramics
It is one of the most popular floors in Brazilian homes. made with clay, also allows a wide range of finishes and models, that also mimic other materials.
Available in both natural and satin finish, is resistant, versatile and durable. The non-slip property of satins is a good choice for wet rooms.
4 – Burnt cement
This coating has become a strong trend in decoration, marking a very contemporary style.
It can be applied in any room and brings a more industrial and minimalist atmosphere to the place. The most common are the gray finishes. (arctic gray, graphite gray and autumn gray), but the colored burnt cement has been gaining ground.
Compositions with this coating can also be customized with applications of other parts, like tiles or ceramics.
5 – wooden clubs
This is a timeless type of floor covering., long used for interiors.
Even so, does not lose its charm and remains present even in sophisticated and modern projects.
Ideal for dry environments, help keep the temperature pleasant in cold places, because wood is a thermal insulator. Water reduces its lifespan, then its cleaning should preferably be done with a broom or vacuum cleaner and specific product on a dry cloth.
Periodically, it is advisable to wipe a cloth with warm water, some mild detergent and wood cleaners, and dry it then, to prevent its premature wear.
A restoration of old tacos also brings great results, having resins for different finishes (brighter or more opaque).
6 – rugs
Indicated exclusively for dry environments, is a good choice for rooms in cold places., because it's very cozy. There is a wide variety of colors available..
However, it is a floor that demands more attention., because it stains easily and it is necessary to vacuum frequently. There are companies specializing in carpet cleaning, which is easy for those who have this coating at home.
However, not suitable for people who have respiratory problems, like asthma or rhinitis.
7 – Monolithic coating
A monolithic coating consists of a uniform and resistant look, made from polyurethane and epoxy resins.
It is a high performance coating, suitable for places with high traffic of people or vehicles, and even heavy machinery. Very suitable for garages, commercial and industrial environments.
It has affordable prices, easy installation and maintenance, as well as cleaning that does not require specific care. The cost-effectiveness comes from its resistance to a number of factors such as:
- Chemical materials;
- ultraviolet radiation.
8 – Epoxy paint application
paint application epoxy in flats is a practical option, also suitable for garages, high-flow or industrial environments.
your resistance, ease of cleaning and maintenance are the most attractive features, can be applied directly on other floors.
With good value for money, can be applied in any environment, as it has high resistance to moisture.
These are some options, but there is still a variety available on the market, for all tastes and budgets. The most important thing is to consider its quality and purpose..
Pay special attention to the choice of flooring. That way you avoid a lot of headaches during and after your work.
If you don't have time to research all these points, the best option is to hire an architect or interior design, qualified professionals with the necessary technical knowledge to guide this decision.
This text was originally developed by the blog team Investment Guide, where you can find hundreds of informative content on different segments.